In term of relative vulnerability, Nepal has been ranked as the 11th most at risk country in the world to earthquakes and 30th most at risk to floods and landslides (UNDP, BCPR, 2004). Kathmandu valley is one of the most at risk city in the world in terms earthquake The vulnerability of the city has been intensified due to rapid urbanization, unplanned settlement and increased infrastructures and population density that shows high level of damages and losses of lives and properties in case any earthquake occurs in coming days.
Considering the prevailing risk and vulnerabilities in the city, the Nepal Red Cross Society, in collaboration with British Red Cross and with financial support from UKAid (DFID), has been implementing Earthquake Preparedness for Safer Communities (EPS) programme in the 46 wards and 20 VDCs of Kathmandu Valley from February 2012 to March 2015. The programme aims to contribute towards building resilient communities, reducing vulnerabilities and impact of disasters in the Kathmandu Valley.
The project has focused on major three areas i.e.; community based disaster risk reduction, awareness rising on earthquake, and institutional capacity enhancement. The first output has mainly focused on reducing risk encountered by 650,000 people of targeted communities in Kathmandu valley through community based strategies to enhance community and organizational preparedness, and resilience as envisaged in Flagship 4. The second output aims to raise awareness among 2.5 million people living in the Kathmandu Valley on their vulnerability to earthquake, and develop strategies to reduce their risk. And the third output has focused on strengthening capacity of NRCS to provide a rapid, appropriate and effective response to a major earthquake centered on the Kathmandu Valley (contributing to Flagship 2).