Initial Rapid Assessment of Nepal-Gorkha Earthquake, 2015

Nepal Red Cross Society is pleased to share this Initial Rapid Assessment (IRA) report summary of 17 worst affected districts conducted within the first 72 hours immediately after the earthquake in 25th April Saturday at 11:56. This information is useful to all planners, decision makers and the field staffs involving in the quake operations.

NRCS deployed 1700 trained volunteers within that period. Following methods were used to gather the information.

  1. 51 participatory focus group discussion (FGD) in 17 worst districts namely Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Dhading, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Sindhupalchok, Kavrepalanchock, Gorkha, Dolakha, Ramechhap, Sindhuli, Okhaldhunga and Makwanpur (Category one: high impact districts) as well as Lamjung, Bhojpur and Udayapur. (category two : high impact). The participants in the FGDs were local social and political leaders, local public authorities, school teachers and the affected population focusing women and children.
  2. Field observation with a checklist in line with IRA format.
  3. Key informant interview with first responders (RC volunteers, local people and police/public authority) with face to face talk and telephone interview for collecting information of remote places.

Tools applied: IRA format, designed and approved by disaster response units from centre to local level. The format was a part of district disaster preparedness plan prepared by initiation of Local Development Officers. The format also supports the MIRA (Multiagency Rapid Impact Assessment) process.

Key findings:

  1. Kathmandu, Sindhupalchock, Lalitpur and Gorkha districts found high in terms of injured case.
  2. Displaced population is high in Sindhupalchock, Kathmandu, Dolakha and Kavre.
  3. Central mountain region ( Dolakha, Sindhupalchock and Rasuwa) and Central Hill region ( kavre, Nuwakot, Sindhuli, Ramechhap, Dhading and Makwanpur) were found worst affected areas in terms of livelihood-security perspective.


This report is based on 72 hours assessment. Casualties’ figures have been increased after 72 hours of the incident. The detail impact assessment process will start from 14th May in close coordination with local disaster response committees.

For the detail data of the IRA is given in the attached file. For more information : Prakash Aryal, Information and assement team leader, 


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