Dibya Raj Poudel
While eastern, central and western parts of Nepal is facing moderate to heavy rainfall from three days, Nepal Red Cross society (NRCS) has activated Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) to prove possible support to the affected population. Dharma Pandey, NRCS Disaster Management Department head, informed that 'the EOC has initiated collecting information and relief items prepositioning'. Hence, NRCS has prepositioned relief items in different strategic locations in the country.
Nepal Red Cross volunteers have supported landslide affected families of Khaniyabas, Ganga Jamuna and Netrawati villages in Dhading district with relief items.
According to Government of Nepal, Bhairahawa recorded 226 mm rain followed by 206 mm in Nepalgunj, 186 mm in Simara, 141 mm in Dang in the last 24 hours ending at 17:45 on 2 July.
Potentially affected area includes the low lands in southern belt of Nepal and some parts of hilly areas. For the preparation of effective response, NRCS has maintained roster of the trained human resources, prepositioned Non-Food Relief items and allocated emergency funds along with coordination mechanism. Red Cross Emergency Clinic unit has been kept in alert position; 5 thousands set of tarpaulins for emergency shelter, 600 sets of shelter tool kits, five thousands of NFRI set bags containing Blanket, Tarpaulin, bucket, kitchen utensil, clothing materials are in ready position.
The EOC has been activated according to the Monsoon Preparedness Plan of NRCS.
Before the official announcement by Meteorological Forecasting Division about arrival of Monsoon in Nepal in Mid-June this year, Nepal Red Cross approved Monsoon Preparedness Plan with resource plan. NRCS prepares to support at least 21 thousands households, approximately 30 % of the total affected household, out of which 10,000 families will be supported with internal resources and 11,042 families from support received through Red Cross Movement and coordination partners.
"The objective of the plan is to ensure better preparedness for efficient and effective response to the flood or landslide or epidemics affected people in the disaster area; to advocate monsoon response plan with Red Cross Movement, Non-Red Cross Movement partners as well as Government Stakeholders and Security Forces; and to identify available resources and gaps based on proposed plan" said Indra Bahadur KC, acting Executive Director of Nepal Red Cross Society.
The country has been experiencing extreme rainfall, during the Mansoon, between June and September over 60 years. The plan intends to support most vulnerable groups i.e. elderly, pregnant and lactating mothers, disabled, female headed households with priority for emergency assistance with cash and kind support.
Last year heavy rainfall affected around 1.7 million people (866,993 male and 821,480 female) across 18 most affected districts out of 35 districts. (source: MOHA, Initial Rapid Assessment, 20 August 2017).